Why do physicians wear white lab coats? Boxy, plain and unisex, they are hardly a sartorial statement.

White Lab Coats – But they are functional. The big pockets can hold a stethoscope, ophthalmoscope, paper, pen and so on. The lab coat also protects clothes from a common on-the-job hazard, flying bodily fluids. It’s simple to change if soiled, and easy enough to launder.

Beyond the practical, what doctors wear is loaded with symbolism.

Clothing influences how we are perceived and how we perceive ourselves. The white lab coats screams out “official,” “brainy” and “in charge.”

It is, in the health-care setting, an outdated symbol of hierarchy. It is so 20th century.

A little history is in order.

The white lab coats first made its appearance in the late 1800s. Prior to that, lab coats were traditionally beige and worn in, well, laboratories. Doctors, like clergy, dressed in black to reflect the sombre nature of their work. Baseball Caps For Men

The end of the 19th century was a time of tremendous progress in public health and medicine, when the benefits of sanitation and clean water were recognized. In the hospital setting, antiseptics revolutionized care.

Prior to the germ-fighting era, physicians were largely indistinguishable from other quacks such as homeopaths and snake-oil salesmen. A medical-school degree could be obtained in a year, and there were few standards of good practice. Five Panel Caps

With the advent of germ theory, physicians strove to be more scientific in their practice and their dress. Medical schools also adopted a more rigorous and standardized curriculum.

The white lab coats embodied this new philosophy.

White is the colour of hope and the lab coat the symbol of the healer. Elementary School Uniform

Surgeons became the first to wear the white lab coats, followed by hospital doctors and then in-office general practitioners. By 1915, it had become the norm, though doctors doing home visits still dressed formally.

To this day, most medical schools have a “White Coat Ceremony,” where new students are solemnly presented with a short white coat at the beginning of their studies. When they graduate, they get a long white lab coats. (If you’re in a hospital coat, length is a handy way to identify the students.)

But the white-coat tradition is dying. T- Shirt

Only one in eight doctors now wears a white lab coats, according to a U.S. study. Some specialists, like pediatricians and psychiatrists, long ago gave up the uniform because it was seen as scary by their patients.

In fact, one of the reasons physicians have abandoned the traditional garb is that they feel the visual symbol of hierarchy impedes patient care.

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The American Medical Association voted Tuesday on a resolution that would recommend hospitals ban doctors’ iconic white coats, citing evidence that the garment contributes to the spread of infection.

White coats (The resolution was referred to a panel for further consideration.) * Indeed, a number of studies have shown that the coats harbor potentially harmful bacteria (and may cause “white coat hypertension”). If white coats are so bad, why do doctors still wear them? Badminton

Because a white lab coat says “I am a scientific healer.” The knee-length coat in medicine crossed over from the laboratory sciences at the turn of the 20th century. Before that time, medicine was generally seen as the haphazard province of quacks and frauds, and physicians wore street clothes even in the operating room. As the field developed into a respected branch of applied science in the early 1900s, doctors adopted the costume of the laboratory as a way of bolstering their scientific credibility. Basketball For Men

In pre-white-coat times, physicians used primitive tools and techniques and had little formal training. (Medical school could be finished in a year.) Early doctors competed for legitimacy (and patients) with other healing arts like homeopathy and medical eclecticism. But the development of antiseptics and anesthesia, among other things, demonstrated the exceptional power of science to improve health. Doctors strove to become more scientific, in practice and in dress. The lab coat served both purposes by providing a (supposedly) sterile work environment and soothing patients with its air of scientific authority. The traditional lab coat was beige, but doctors adopted white because the color symbolizes life and purity. (In earlier times, doctors were more likely to wear black, in keeping with the high mortality rates seen at hospitals. The nuns who served as nurses often wore black habits.) By 1915, physicians working in hospitals had for the most part switched from street clothes to white coats and pants. Promotion Cap

With their scientific bona fides firmly in place, doctors today are divided on the white-coat question. Supporters say the coat instills docs with a humbling sense of responsibility and puts patients at ease, while detractors see it as an alienating symbol of medical hubris. More than 100 medical schools host “white coat ceremonies” where first-year med students are outfitted with shortened versions of the white coat, and the coats are ubiquitous at large teaching hospitals where they help differentiate between doctors and students. However, doctors in smaller hospitals and private practice are more likely to wear regular clothes. A recent study suggests that only 1 in 8 doctors actually sport a white coat at work. Perhaps the most ardent supporters of the garment are patients: In one study, 56 percent of those surveyed believed doctors should wear coats, compared with only 24 percent of doctors. (Elderly people tend to be most supportive of the white coat.) Another study found that patients were much more likely to trust a doctor if they were wearing a white coat than if they were in scrubs.

If hospitals followed the AMA resolution and banned the white coat, what would doctors wear? The Scottish National Health Service outlawed white coats in 2008 and instituted a uniform of color-coded scrubs for all medical personnel. The Mayo Clinic doesn’t allow white coats; their doctors wear business attire.

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street style

From the moors of the Scottish Highlands to the street style in the streets of Manhattan, the kilt is taking the world by storm.

Street style As one of the quirkier trends for fall, the kilt is having quite a moment. To what do we owe this Scottish staple’s resurgence? Well, the BBC kicked things off in January by declaring an end to “Scottish Cringe,” the postindustrial sense of inferiority that had long plagued the northern half of the United Kingdom. Those negative feelings were most eloquently summed up by Ewan McGregor’s character in the 1996 cult classic Trainspotting: “It’s shite being Scottish.” At the time, the outlook was pretty bleak: Unemployment was high, and expressions of cultural identity were often met with embarrassment. High School Uniform

Two decades later, Scots are once again embracing their national identity, both at the polls (hello, independence referendum!) and on the runway. The renewed sense of pride and far-reaching influence are particularly palpable on this side of the pond, thanks not only to current fashion (we haven’t been this excited since Marc Jacobs sported pleated plaid), but in large part to the hit TV series Outlander. Baseball Caps For Women

Starz’s atmospheric drama (windswept moors, looming castles, torrid sex scenes) about time-traveling WWII nurse Claire Randall Fraser (Caitriona Balfe) and her hunky Highlander, Jamie Fraser (Sam Heughan), has held the attention of about 5 million Americans per episode. The show, based on the eight-novel series written by PhD ecologist–cum–romance novelist Diana Gabaldon, casts Claire as a feminist heroine and was recently renewed through season four.

For me, though, Outlander’s lure is strictly sartorial. I’m partial to pleats—during years of donning Catholic school uniforms, the biggest fashion decision I had to make was: Knife pleats or box pleats? Navy, khaki, or Black Watch? Forget the show’s thickly accented, hunky men; the real star of this series is the kilt. Call it kismet that Outlander’s success coincides with a crop of Scottish designers who are bringing Caledonian influences back to fashion’s main stage—from Samantha McCoach’s Le Kilt to Scottish model Stella Tennant’s heirloom-worthy collection of cashmere sweaters and tweed skirts for Holland & Holland. Even Alessandro Michele took up the cause by sending highly decorated kilts down the runway for Gucci’s resort 2017 collection, shown at Westminster Abbey in June in an elaborate exercise of that classic British fashion trope: mumsy eccentric. Baseball

A month earlier, during Tartan Week in New York, Saks Fifth Avenue had decorated its parade-facing windows in full Scot style as thousands of Scots and Scotophiles marched and piped their way through Manhattan, led by Heughan. In the crowd was young Scottish designer Siobhan Mackenzie. Upon eyeing Mackenzie’s alternating tartan–and–solid-color kilt (one of her signature designs, £450), a stylish New Yorker approached and “wanted to buy it right off me,” the designer says. Unwilling to disrobe street style on the streets of Midtown, Mackenzie arranged to meet later with the eager customer, who ordered two bespoke kilts.

When I saw Mackenzie in New York, she was quick to point out that a kilt is so much more than just a pleated skirt. Dating to the 16th century, when it was worn by soldiers who needed to be able to move quickly and wade through water with ease, the garment requires some eight yards of tartan fabric (different patterns distinguish between military regiments and clans) and can weigh up to 20 pounds in its traditional form. Mackenzie was inspired to take up kilt design during an internship with a master kiltmaker in her senior year at Manchester Metropolitan University in England. Her own deep Highland roots—her clan, Mackenzie, was an inspiration for Gabaldon’s series and can trace its roots to the 12th century; its seat, Castle Leod in Strathpeffer, was the author’s model for the fictional Castle Leoch—also had something to do with it. She launched her eponymous company, Siobhan Mackenzie Ltd., only five days after graduation with the aim of bringing kilts into the twenty-first century and supporting Scottish industry. She did so by lightening up and using a combination of nontraditional fabrics, such as sequined panels, leather, and ultralight wool for warmer climes. “I needed to understand it inside and out before beginning to tweak the construction,” the designer says. When she suggested I visit her in Scotland to see the castle and surrounding mills, I wasted no time booking my ticket. Baseball Caps For Men

I spent most of the overnight train ride from London to Inverness last May happily dressed in my schoolgirl Barbour jacket and L.L. Bean boots, with my trusty kilt (a surprise from Siobhan) safely tucked away in my carryall. The clash of cultures in the dining car was something to behold: floppy-haired English boys with cut-glass accents heading back to university in Edinburgh, retirees on walking holidays, and a group of 12 rowdy Scotsmen (who depleted the haggis stores within an hour) returning home after a stag party in London. Daybreak revealed a blazing sun and a quiltlike green countryside punctuated by bold yellow patches, thanks to gorse and oilseed in full bloom. It was easy to imagine where the early weavers got their inspiration.

After being greeted at the Inverness train station by Mackenzie and her friend, photographer Tommy Cairns—who, it turns out, is a bit of a Scottish street style star and once modeled for one of the country’s oldest bespoke tailors—we headed to nearby Strathpeffer to be presented to clan chief John Ruaridh Grant Mackenzie, Fifth Earl of Cromartie, and his wife, Eve, Countess of Cromartie, at their home, Castle Leod. Lord Cromartie answered the back door, suited and booted and looking every bit the part in a bespoke Siobhan Mackenzie kilt with alternating panels of Harris tweed and the Mackenzie tartan (£950), complete with sporran (the leather or fur bag traditionally worn by men wearing kilts, which have no pockets) and a lively spaniel at his side.

The red sandstone castle dates to the 15th century and boasts a Spanish chestnut tree planted in 1550 in honor of Mary Queen of Scots’ mother, Mary of Guise; I can see how the majestic surroundings might inspire more than a few intrigues. I headed back to reality with a visit to Johnstons of Elgin, the more than 200-year-old mill that manufactures knits for Hermès and Burberry, with whom Mackenzie is producing a capsule collection. “There is so much craftsmanship and heritage in Scotland,” Mackenzie says. “It’s really exciting to bring it up to date, yet it still has a place as a classic piece in a woman’s wardrobe that can be dressed up or down.”

Royal College of Art grad Samantha McCoach was inspired to rethink the classic as well. The young founder of Le Kilt grew up in Edinburgh watching her grandmother, who has been a traditional kiltmaker for 40 years, expertly pleat and sew the traditional tartan garments. “There were mills and kilt factories everywhere,” McCoach says. “Sadly, many have given way to tourist shops selling cheap kilts made abroad.” Wanting to appropriate the style for her own wardrobe, McCoach decided to punk up the kilt, piecing together a mix of bold tartans. When the requests started flooding in, she launched Le Kilt in 2014, named after a popular tartan-wrapped 1980s-era club in London’s Soho neighborhood that played host to Vivienne Westwood & Co. (around the same time that ELLE was featuring Jean Paul Gaultier’s sporty take on the Scot classic). street style, Shortly thereafter, Dover Street Market came calling, then Harvey Nichols; now McCoach’s London Fashion Week presentations are quite the hot ticket. (You may have spotted her designs on the Duchess of Cambridge.) For fall, McCoach added metal-studded waistbands (£500) and longer styles accented with shearling panels (£460). She’s also introduced “tam tam” hats and her own chunky-soled take on ghillies. McCoach produces only in the U.K., using British fabrics.

Also flying the flag for British textiles are friends Stella Tennant and former fashion editor Isabella Cawdor, who recently took the helm of Holland & Holland as co–creative directors. Though it is now owned by Chanel (as is one of the country’s most esteemed mills, Barrie), the thoroughly British firm has kept the hunting, shooting, and fishing set outfitted in the finest tweeds and handmade rifles since 1835. The duo’s debut collection has brought the aesthetic to town, thanks to the designers having one foot in the fashion world and the other firmly in the moors. Case in point: herringbone pleated culottes (£1,350) that offer the look of a kilt with the ease of trousers. “Everything should have a function,” says Tennant, whose own practical, slightly androgynous personal style has made her a fashion icon. “Holland & Holland aspires to both use and beauty.”

So just what about this traditional street style, history-steeped garment could manage to transcend class, age, gender, and five centuries of history—and attract spike-haired punks, Tilda Swinton, the Prince of Wales, and everyone in between? The kilt is as much a reflection of the dramatic land in which it was born as of the people who wear it: resilient, fiercely independent, and unapologetic, street style. Who wouldn’t want to buy into that?

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Hello, triple threat.

Like a moto jacket or the classic trench, varsity jackets are a back-to-fall staple that makes any look feel effortlessly cool. And much like those other ubiquitous autumnal coverups, they’re surprisingly versatile. Style it just so and the resulting look can read as sporty, chic, or even slightly fancy. For pointers on nailing each of those vibes, we tapped one of our favorite style mavens, Asiyami Gold. Thanks to her innate ability to mix colors, textures, and prints without ever looking overdone, we knew the photographer/blogger/creative consultant would have some genius ideas on how to make a varsity jacket work for any mood. Basketball for men

Go For Sporty

For a touch of nostalgia, pair straight-leg trousers with sneakers. “It’s a combo I call ‘tomgirl-chic,'” explains Gold. “It reminds me of my glory days in high school when I played basketball, but it’s actually timeless—you can wear this look forever.” Up the femme factor by choosing a blouse with pretty details, like pearly buttons. “I love pearls. They’re simple and elegant and go with everything.” Sport Cap

Keep It Chic

A varsity jacket is laid-back by default, so to avoid looking sloppy, Gold balances it with other pieces that impart edgy elegance, like a leather skirt. “Ankle boots keep the skirt casual,” she adds. “They’re functional, but polished.” Gold also recommends topping the skirt with a cozy sweatshirt and skipping statement jewelry. “Tie a bandana around your neck instead,” she says. “You’ll look like a rock star—like you’re in the band.” Basketball for women

Dress It Up

“I like feeling comfortable, and I always go for pieces that let me breathe—even when dressing up,” Gold explains. To that end, she recommends elevating the varsity jacket with another easy-wearing wardrobe classic: an LBD. “Choose one that feels slightly Victorian or vintage,” she advises. “With the sportiness of the jacket, it’s unexpected and adds a bit of sartorial excitement.” Gold is also a fan of popping on a few eye-catching accessories. “Shiny blue booties are fancy without being too over-the-top.” Promotion Cap

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Some of the benefits of organic cotton clothing include better health for consumers and farmers, environmental conservation, and cost savings for farmers.

These benefits have created a boom in the organic cotton clothing industry in the past few years. Parents are increasingly purchasing organic cotton baby clothes, diapers, and baby blankets. Sport Cap

Both young and old consumers, and men as well as women, are switching to various products made from organic cotton such as jeans, pajamas, shirts, t-shirts, towels, bedding, mattresses, pillows, blankets, sheets, duvet covers, socks, bath robes, underwear, bras, bags, and other clothes made of organic cotton fabric and yarn.

The benefits of organic cotton clothing include the following:

Benefits to the Consumer

Manufacturers of organic clothing strongly advertise that organic cotton clothing is better to wear, especially for babies. Many consumers and parents also agree with this. Organic cotton is excellent for the tender, developing skin of a baby. It is believed that organic cotton clothing is softer than conventional cotton clothing. Strapback Caps

Furthermore, since the production of organic cotton does not involve the use of chemicals, it causes fewer allergies. Organic cotton apparel also reduces respiratory problems and smells pleasant. Please note that these benefits of organic cotton are perceived beliefs, and do not have strong scientific proof to back them up. Organic Facts is a strong proponent of organic food and organic living; however, it is necessary to provide the right kind of information to the readers. Please read about the benefits of organic food for more details.

Environmental Benefits of Organic Cotton

You might be surprised to know that conventional cotton accounts for nearly 25% of the insecticides and 10% of the pesticides used throughout the world, although is it grown on only 3% of the total cultivated area. Cotton crops have been plagued by numerous diseases and pests over the years, including bacterial blight, ascochvta blight, southern blight, lef spot, bollworm, white fly, crown gall, lint degradation, anthracnose, areolate mildew, powdery mildew, black root rot, boll rot, sting nematode, charcoal rot, escobilla, stem canker, leaf spot, lint contamination, terminal stunt, cotton rust, southwestern cotton rust, tropical cotton rust, verticillium wilt, reniform nematode, abutilon mosaic, anthocyanosis, blue disease, small leaf, leaf crumple, leaf curl, leaf mottle, leaf roll, psylosis, and phyllody. It also ranks fourth in the list of most heavily fertilized crops.

The excessive use of chemicals in conventional cotton production has led to a great deal of environmental pollution. Organic cotton is grown using organic means without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides, therefore helping to improve the quality of the land, prevent water contamination, and conserve biodiversity. Basketball for men

Improved Health for Farmers

Like conventional coffee production, conventional cotton production also leads to poisoning, causing various health problems for cotton farmers. The problem of poisoning due to chemical insecticides and pesticides is so acute that thousands of poor farmers in developing countries end up losing their lives. Organic cotton production, on the other hand, ensures a healthy life for the farmers and their families.

Cost Savings for Organic Cotton Farmers

Studies carried out by the Centre for Sustainable Agriculture in Andhra Pradesh, India have shown that growing organic cotton is cheaper than growing Bt Cotton, since Bt Cotton is more prone to pest attacks. Volleyball uniform for women

Prevention of Suicides

Many times, failed crops in chemical cotton production results in farmers falling into extreme debts, since the input costs are so high. In the past few years, numerous farmers in India, especially in the states of Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh, have resorted to suicide when the problem became too serious. The input costs for organic cotton production reduce over time, enabling farmers to remain debt-free even after a crop failure, thereby preventing anyone from resorting to drastic measures.

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1. Overview

As an employer providing clothes to your employees, you have certain tax, National Insurance and reporting obligations. Baseball Caps For Men

What’s included

This includes purchase, cleaning and repair costs for all clothes.

What you have to pay and report depends on if it’s: protective clothes that your employee needs to do their job a uniform they only wear at work

2. What’s exempt

You don’t have to pay tax and National Insurance on most uniforms or protective clothes, but you may still have to report these expenses to HMRC. Promotion Cap

3. What to report and pay

If the clothes you provide isn’t exempt, you may have to report it to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC), and you may have to pay tax and National Insurance on the value. Uniforms or protective clothing: You must report the cost on form P11D of: buying the clothing for your employees lending it to them cleaning or repairing it

If you provide uniforms or protective clothes, you can get exemptions (which have replaced dispensations). This means you won’t have to include them in your end-of-year reports.

Any other clothes

This includes clothing employees wear at work that isn’t necessary protective clothing or a uniform. If you buy other clothing for employees, or lend it to them, you must: report the cost on form P11D pay Class 1A National Insurance on the value of the benefit. If your employees buy it and you pay them back, you must: add the value of the benefit to your employee’s other earnings deduct and pay PAYE tax and Class 1 National Insurance through payroll. If your employees buy any non-durable clothing (eg tights and stockings) and you pay them back, you must: add the value of the benefit to your employee’s other earnings deduct and pay PAYE tax (but not Class 1 National Insurance) through payroll. If your employees pay to have clothing cleaned or repaired, you must: add the value of the benefit to their other earnings deduct and pay PAYE tax and Class 1 National Insurance through payroll T-shirt

4. Work out the value

The value of clothing for tax and reporting depends on whether you give or lend it and who initially pays for it. Clothing you give to employees. Use whichever is the higher of: the second-hand value of the clothing when you give it to your employee the initial cost to you of the clothing. Clothing you lend to employees Football

Use whichever is the higher of: 20% of the clothing’s market value when you first provided it any annual rental or hire charges you pay for it. Clothing your employees buy and you pay them back for, or cleaning and repair costs. Use the amount of money you give your employee for the clothing, cleaning or repair.

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By the end of last September, exports of textiles and garments in Vietnam reached over 21 billion dollars, only completed 68% compared with the year plan.

Textiles According to the Vietnam Textile and Garment Association, in September, the total export value of the whole industry reached more than $ 2.6 billion, down 7% compared to the month before. Generally for 9 months, total export turnover reached over 21 dollars, completed 68% of the plan year (29 billion dollars). Sport Cap

According to the experts in the industry, the textiles export growth reached the lowest in 10 years. In addition to the impact of objective factors such as economies of some textile importers of Vietnam is in trouble, events Proposed referendum on United Kingdom membership of the European Union in the UK, one of the difficulties of the textile industry stemming from the policies keep Vietnam dong exchange rate stability against the other currencies, making commodities more expensive Vietnam compared with other suppliers, which reduces the competitiveness of products. Strapback Caps

Besides, the scarcity of orders is happening quite common in many businesses, some of orders of enterprises is only 70% compared to the same period last year.

Textile export target Vietnam this year set to reach between 28 and 29 billion, up 5% from last year, so the average 3 month last year, exports of Vietnam’s garment must be at least $ 2.5 billion.

Against this backdrop, Textiles Association recommended enterprises to adapt to market conditions, to accept the conversion of orders to minimize damage to the enterprise; strengthening the domestic market expansion with the diversification of commodities to achieve the set goals. Secondary School Uniform

To the association, Mr. Truong Van Cam, Secretary General of Vietnam Textile and Garment Association, said the Association will be the sum to reflect on the relevant authorities to resolve, remove difficulties for enterprises focus state proposals address a range of issues of policy mechanisms, joint inspection, trade facilitation for enterprises. /. Basketball For Men

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Vietnams garment can save more than $ 1 billion from reduced logistics costs

Vietnams garment The cost reduction for Vietnams garment industry not only from the change of policy, but also need solutions that increase competitiveness. Baseball Caps For Men Read More

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